Pop Art is the movement in art when artists began to create art with the subject of things that are the iconic in nature such as famous people, advertising, and movies. The British and the American people were responsible for setting off this type of art in the 1950’s and 60’s. A cultural revolution happened which was led by activists, thinkers, and artist. Pop artist used bold swaths of primary colors, often straight from the can or tube of paint. They adopted commercial methods like silk screening, or produced multiples of works, downplaying the artist’s hand and subverting the idea of originality. Most pop artists favored realism, everyday imagery, and heavy doses of irony and wit.
There are two artist who became extremely famous in the Pop Art world. Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein. They connected fine art traditions with pop culture elements from television. films, cartoons, and advertisements. They used their work to challenge traditional boundaries between media. They combined painting gestures with photography and printmaking, combined handmade, readymade, and mass-produced elements; and combining objects, images, and sometimes text to make new meanings.
Another big artist in the Pop Art world was Blek Le Rat, his real name is Xavier Prou. He was one of the first graffiti artist in Paris and has been described as the “Father of Stencil Graffiti.” He began his artwork in 1981, painting stencils of rats on the street walls of Paris, describing the rat as “the only free animal in the city”, and one which “spreads the plague everywhere, just like street art”. His name originates from a childhood cartoon “Blek le Roc”, using “rat” as an anagram for “art”. He was influenced by the early graffiti art of New York City after a visit in 1971, he chose a style which he felt better suited Paris, due to the differing architecture of the two cities. He also stated the influence of British artist Richard Hamilton, who painted large-scale human figures in the 1980s. He is credited with being the inventor of the life-sized stencil, as well as the first to transform stencil from basic lettering into pictoral art.